Pigmentation - Ingredient CompositionHIGHLY CONCENTRATED
Pinus Cembra Wood Extract
Swiss stone pine is able to reduce redness and age spots and improve skin homogeneity, and calms sensitive and irritated skin.
In-vitro studies notably demonstrated that Swiss stone pine extract inhibits the function of TRPV1. This is a receptor that is over-activated in sensitive skin. Consequently, it inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory mediators. Furthermore, it protects skin collagen by inhibiting the UVA-induced MMP-1 production. Clinical studies showed Swiss stone pine extract was able to both strongly and visibly reduce local redness and age spots on the face, which led to a noticeable increase in the overall skin tone homogeneity.